Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Tropical Climate

“Urban areas act as climate modifiers. Climate elements, such as solar radiation, air temperature, humidity and wind are affected by the urban fabric” (Johansson 2006). The urban development pattern in most of the cities are chaotic and the regulations formulated to regulate the pattern of growth only focus on the individual building.  This pattern of growth has contributed enormously in reducing the difference between daytime and night time temperatures. Designers focused initially on indoor climate of individual buildings, design strategies, and on the resulting energy needs for maintaining internal comfort.The aim of this research is to include urban climatology as an important factor in reformulating the regulations governing the urban geometry. The work will be at two levels, one at the level of streets and cluster open spaces and the other at the neighbourhood level.

Post consumer packaging waste in architecture

The term ‘ packaging’s is defined as anything used to contain, protect, handle, deliver or present raw materials and processes goods. In general, it can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary packaging. In the current scenario, diverse materials  are used for the purpose. The innovative applications of post consumer packaging waste can be traced from romans’ era. They have classified as reuse a,b,c. Individuals in different domains are looking at the packaging waste as resources in creating new building materials, creative artefacts, temporary pavilions etc. The objective is to use the primary post consumer recyclable packaging waste in the built form as wall as the environment.